|The images of the Gods
or Goddesses are always encarved in four types, viz. Pathmasan,
Siddhasan, Vajra and Gomugha. There are some secret and minute aspects
in creating idols according to the Thantricism. The idols on which
the power of God is to be consecrated; the imagination about the
Murthi, should be in the image of eyes opened and awakened form..
This state is called Vishranthibhaava or Jagratho Bhaava.
When a new idol is brought, its eyes might not have been opened
earlier. It is only opened by the Architect at the time of consecration
poojas. Among other deities, the image of Ayyappa is very different.
The style of this Asana (state of sitting) may be called Arddha
Asana, Yoga Padasana or Yoga ruddha Siddhasana, but reveals the
mood of ascerticism, the Tapobhava. Why there is binding of knees
with a cloth in the style of sitting of Ayyappa while he is holding
the Yogamudra?. The feet of a Yogi who is in Tapovruthi (in the
ascetic calmness) will never let deviate his legs.
When a man or a woman bends his or her legs whether it is on
the right or left, there is a hidden meaning which is worldly
related. A male God when he is seen holding his left leg folded,
may be considered that he is willing or expecting to sit his lady
over it. The left side is considered as for wife. The wife is
imagined to be seated on the left thy of husband. If it is the
right leg folded it may be considered as for the son or for the
daughter. The idols for goddesses are also carved in such a sense
In our Devatha Sankalpas most of them may be with the imagination
of Saparivara (having spouse and off springs on both sides). But
the concept of Ayyappa is in the imagination of Brahmachari. Thus
he has no need to fold his legs because he has no wife or off
springs. Since Ayyappa is a Brahmachari and an ascetic, his idol
is made in the form of sitting but the legs have been risen a
little and it reveals that his legs has been given to nobody to
sit aside. He has also bound his two knees and his back with Yoga
Almost all the gods and goddesses (in images) are seen sitting
on ‘Simha Asana’ ( the royal chair with two images
of lions on both sides). But Ayyappa sitting on a peedam. There
is a difference in sitting on a chair and on a peedam on the feet.
The man who sits on a chair feels comfortable that his hips are
in safety to keep the whole body in a balance. That kind of sitting
is in one way ‘Bhoga Roopa’ (enjoyful). But the man
who is sitting on his feet is not in a joyful way but in a Yoga
Bhava (in the mood of ascerticism or Dhayana Bhava).
What is Jnana Mudra or Chin Mudra?. You might have heard of the
word Sachidananda. This word is constructed with three words,
viz., Sath Chit and Ananda. Sath means real, Chit means energetic
and dynamic, Ananda means the experience of all the comforts and
The mudras are unavoidable in the Pooja performances. One of
these Mudras is Jnana mudra or Chin mudra. From the little finger
on the right palm, the second and the third respectively, held
upright withbending, the tips of the fourth finger and the thumb
gets closed and touched, this position of mudra is called Jnana
Mudra. The right hand of Ayyappa is adorned with this mudra. The
three unbent and straight fingers represent Sath, Chit and Ananda,
the features of Athma. When we see the palm, we see that from
the little finger to the middle one, are similarly taller than
each other and the fourth and thumb gradually reduce in length.
Every matter in this world goes upward to a certain extent, then
it recedes eventually. Whether it is like happiness, luck or gaining,
the nature teach this principle through the gesture of hands –
Sri.Ayyappa, squatting over the Peedam with his right hand in
Chinmudra declares this:- “I am the Sath, Chith and Ananda.
I am the soul embodied. I immerse myself in the spiritual blissfulness.
I am free from the three blemishes of this World. Whoever confronts
me, I am revealed as Ananda Swarupa. I will provide him the blessing
of AthmaJnana and mental power and he will enjoy all the pleasures,
plentiness and calmness form the past, in the present and in the
future”. Therefore, a devotee who is willing to go to see
Ayyappa should have Brahma Chariya nishta, Athma Jnana and voluntary
avowed experience, at least for a Mandala”.